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What is Traumatic Brain Injury?

What is Traumatic Brain Injury Featured Image

A traumatic brain injury is a common type of head damage that car accidents can cause serious injury or any physiological condition such as – a tumour.

This article will provide you with all the required information on brain injury, including symptoms, causes, and, most importantly, the steps you should take if you find yourself in a situation where you need to deal with a brain injury.

What are the Types of TBI?

There are two types of brain injuries, closed head injury and penetrating injury, in which a sharp substance penetrates the skull. Again, the symptoms of a brain injury vary depending on the type of injury.

Head injuries may lead to simple to severe internal injuries. The three major types of TBI are given below:


After getting hit, the injury may cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, memory loss, or drowsiness. Cracks in the skull may also result in a concussion injury.

Subdural Hematoma:

If the injury causes skull fracture and internal bleeding, it will eventually lead to weakness, blurred vision, and even worse if not treated correctly.

Diffuse Axonal Injury:

This injury is the most common one in car accidents. In such accidents, sudden shaking or jolting is usual.

In-car accidents, the crash between two cars causes the driver and the passenger to accelerate and decelerate rapidly. When their head moves forward and backwards, they are repeatedly injured two or more times, and both the front and back of the brain are damaged.

Due to the injury, patients suffer from memory-related issues and paralyzes. Often the nerves are damaged to transmit any neuro signal. And these type of injury typically causes loss of consciousness for a long time.

When Can You Call a Brain Injury, TBI?

Brain injuries can range from minor to severe and can be of numerous types. You can differentiate a traumatic brain injury from a normal one with the accident’s causes and the damage symptoms.

Causes of TBI:

If the head injury is caused by a strong and sudden strike with a hard object due to an accident, you can address that as a traumatic brain injury.

In Calgary, Canada, the rehabilitation center for brain injuries receives patients injured in the following accidents:

  • Assaults
  • Domestic violence
  • Gunshot wound
  • Workplace injuries
  • Slip and falls
  • Sports injuries and
  • Motor vehicle accidents

What are the Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries?

The human brain is called the control center of the whole body. Therefore, the symptoms of traumatic brain injury will be shown all over the body. It is highly recommended to seek medical attention after such incidents where you are bleeding from your head or are unconscious because these incidents may lead to coma or death.

The Physical Symptoms are:

  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Blood clots
  • Slurred speech
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness or drowsiness
  • Blurred or loss of vision
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Lack of energy or exhaustion

The Psychological Symptoms are:

  • Confusion
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Changes in taste or appetite
  • Behavioural changes
  • Agitation
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Emotional distress
  • Trouble with focus

The Cognitive Symptoms are:

  • Disorientation
  • Balance issues
  • Short-term memory loss
  • Amnesia
  • Slurred speech
  • Poor concentration
  • loss of coordination

Depending on the stages of these symptoms, your physician will state whether they are mild, moderate or severe.

In most cases, a patient may suffer from some or all of these symptoms in mild and moderate stages. However, in severe cases, these symptoms are present with extreme headaches, repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsion, seizures and other complicated symptoms.

What to Do After a Head Injury in an Accident?

If you witness an accident and watch someone have a head injury, you should take the injured person to the doctor as soon as possible. To diagnose if a traumatic brain injury is serious or not. A doctor will go through tests and scans to diagnose the injury and condition.

You will need the diagnosis reports to sue the responsible person for your injury. Therefore, do not ignore the importance of a checkup after a brain injury.

How Can a Brain Injury Lawyer in Calgary Help?

Treatment of brain injuries is mostly long-term and expensive. Unfortunately, the insurance companies often try to fight the claim, saying that the patient’s medical condition is not severe.

To fight for your deserved compensation money, you need an experienced personal injury lawyer. A skilled personal injury lawyer will help prove that your head injury requires specialized treatment.

Role of a Brain Injury Rehabilitation Center in Calgary:

To treat a brain injury patient properly, one needs to be taken to a TBI rehabilitation Center. The center provides specialized assessments for patients with TBI and other related symptoms.

After the assessment is done, the patient is provided with sufficient medication and routine therapy. These therapies help the patient recover more quickly as personalized treatment plans.

The rehabilitation center is the best place to recover since it contains thousands of similar brain injury cases and has more resources than a generalized hospital.

What Charges Can You Claim for Traumatic Brain Injury in Calgary?

Suffering from brain injuries is considered one of the hardest injuries after an accident. The patient has to deal with mental and physical stress; in most cases, recovery takes a lot of time. Claiming compensation after such an accident is crucial for the victim since the injury often leads to permanent damages.

If you are suffering from such accidents, you should consult your injury lawyer about the procedure for claiming compensation money from both your insurance company and the party at-fault.

Your lawyer will suggest you fight the damages mentioned below:

Economic Damages:

The economic damages you can list while claiming for a brain injury are as follows:

  • Medical expenses: prescribed medicine, therapy sessions, continuous checkups until full recovery.
  • Lost wages due to loss of vision or balance or inability to go to work.

Non-Economic Damages:

Although you may think the non-economic damages should not be included in a brain injury claim, you are wrong. A brain injury claim can also include the mental distress you suffer after such an incident.

You will need the proper diagnosis of the psychological condition after the accident.


In a brain injury case, you should make sure that professionals do the assessment and diagnosis of your injury. Your lawyer can successfully evaluate and calculate the compensation claim depending on the wound.

So, visit your injury lawyer after receiving treatment initially. You will need an experienced lawyer who can explain your injury to the court.

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